Dataset Edition

General information
Dataset nameADEOS - POLDER-1 - Leaf Area Index - West Africa - 0.05
Created on2016-11-29
Useful in the framework ofOPERATIONAL-DATA > Satellite products
Dataset Contact(s)
Data access Original dataset as provided by the Principal Investigator


PurposeThese data sets were extracted from the POLDER-1 and POLDER-2 “Land Surface” biophysical products generated from atmospherically corrected bi-directional reflectances. The original POLDER-1 and POLDER-2 products are available on the POSTEL web site:

LAI (m²/m²) is defined as half the total foliage area per unit ground surface area. It is generated using a neural network, which approximates the inversion of a radiative transfer model. First, a LAI value is estimated for each POLDER track of the synthesis period of 30 days. Then, they are merged to obtain a monthly LAI. The FVC is the fraction of ground surface covered by vegetation. It is derived from LAI using the relationship FVC = 1 – exp(-0.5*LAI).

The FAPAR is the daily fraction of photosynthetically active radiation (PAR: [0.4-0.7µm]) absorbed by vegetation. FAPAR is dimensionless. The FAPAR is computed from an alternative vegetation index, the RDVI (Renormalized Difference Vegetation Index), for an angular configuration (sun and view zenith angle, respectively, equal to 45° and 60° in the backscattering direction in the principal plane) which minimizes the soil effect. The definition of the RDVI and its relationship with the daily FAPAR are presented by Roujean et Bréon (1995).

The bi-directional POLDER réflectances are normalized using the kernel-driven reflectance model of Maignan et al. (2004). The inversion is carried out over a synthesis period of 30 days with a sliding window of 10 days. More details on the algorithm can be found on the scientific POLDER website ( The inversion yields three coefficients : a nadir-zenith reflectance, a geometric and a volumetric coefficients. They are used with the angular kernels integrated over viewing directions and over solar directions to calculate the directional and hemispheric spectral albedos. Values of integrated kernels are specified by CEA/LSCE. The NDVI is derived from the directional albedos at 670nm and 865nm. The spectral integrations over visible broadband [400 - 700nm], near-infrared broadband [700, 4000nm], and whole spectrum broadband [300 - 4000nm] are then carried out using the 5 narrow bands (443, 565, 670, 765 and 865nm). The conversion coefficients are provided by CNRM/Météo-France. The validation of POLDER-1 and POLDER-2 albedos is in progress at CNRM.

The POLDER-1 products cover the period from November, 1996 to June, 1997. the POLDER-2 products cover the period from April to October 2003. The temporal resolution of POLDER products is 10 days.

Data encoding:
255: no data 254: undefined 253: overflow (retrieved value larger than the maximum limit of the physical range) 252: underflow (retrieved value lower than the minimum limit of the physical range)

The original POLDER products are presented in the sinusoïdal projection at the spatial resolution of 1/18° at equator. They have been put in the geographical lat/lon projection (“plate-carrée”) with a grid step equal to 0.05° and also with a grid step equal to 0.1°. The “West_Africa” area, which covers the zone from 24.98° West to 24.98° East, and from 4.98° South to 19.98° North, have been extracted from the 0.05° resolution grid. The “Atlantic-Africa” area, which covers the zone from 59.88° West to 39.88° East, and from 34.88° South to 34.88° North, have been extracted from the 0.1° resolution grid. The pixels of the grids are located by the coordinates of their center.
Instrument typeImaging Spectrometers/Radiometers
Parameter nameleaf area index
Parameter keywordBiosphere > Vegetation > Vegetation Index
Temporal Coverage
Date begin1996-11-01Date end1997-06-30
Geographic Coverage
Area nameWest_Africa
West bounding coordinate (°)-24.98East bounding coordinate (°)24.98
North bounding coordinate (°)19.98South bounding coordinate (°)-4.98
Data resolution
Temporal resolution0000-00-10 00:00:00
Latitude resolution0.05
Longitude resolution0.05
Data use information
Use constraintsPublic data
Data policyAMMA data policy
Data format(s)NetCDF